The first of the cable cars in the modern sense was launched in Switzerland in 1866 and delivered tourists to the observation deck. This construction boom cableways fell for the second half of XX century, when actively began to develop skiing.
The cable car at the park Zhangjiajie (China): the most exciting
Chinese park Zhangjiajie has long won popularity among tourists. First, it is here, among the rocks Wulingyuan that inspired James Cameron to create a “flying mountains” in the film “Avatar,” is Mount Tyanmen, and in it – the legendary cave of Heaven Gate.
Second, you can get to them by cable car, which many travelers once swept over it, dubbed the “most exciting” in the world. Local cable car by chance is called “the road to heaven”: on some stretches it rises at an angle of 70 °, crashing straight into the clouds.
The path to the summit takes about 40 minutes, and because of the pressure drop in passengers often lays his ears, and the temperature in the cockpit is dramatically reduced. Often the park is dense fog, which adds mystique surrounding landscape.
Those who still dare to cover the distance 7455 m, will see the highest in the world without hands cave that has arisen due to erosion of the cliffs. Locals believe that she has supernatural powers. A walk down the mountain Tyanmen a bus on a streamer, which has exactly 99 turns.
The fare: 48 yuan ($ 7.6) in the same direction
The cable car Genting (Malaysia): The fastest
Genting – city of entertainment at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level. It is called Las Vegas of Malaysia: here was built 20 luxury hotels, several amusement parks and even the country’s only legal casino.
Genting empire – the brainchild of a Chinese Lim Goh Tong. When he first voiced the idea of ??building a mountain resort, it raised a laugh at the end of 1960 the area was covered with virgin tropical jungle. But Tong continued to persist, and in 1971 opened the first hotel. Then earned a casino in Genting and then knocked the crowd of visitors.
In addition to numerous laudatory epithets Genting also boasts
Much of the route of cable car, which opened on February 21, 1997, lies above the jungle, and in cloudless weather with height can be seen scurrying down the monkeys.
Cableway Gulmarg (India): the most high-
Since 1948, Kashmir is the bone of contention between India and Pakistan. The two countries have over half a century divided the disputed territory, because of what the region has long been considered dangerous for tourism.
In recent years, the fighting in Jammu and Kashmir had ceased, and the local authorities were able to do the development of tourism infrastructure. Today the state has about a dozen tourist spots, and one of them – Gulmarg – the largest ski resort in the Himalayas.
It was here in 2005, Sonia Gandhi has launched a cable car, still remaining
The total length of the cable car is 5 km, and capacity – 600 people per hour. By the way, before the opening of monorail skiers in the mountains lifted by helicopter, which made the cost of skiing in all senses of the word transcendental.
Fare: one-time rise – the first phase of 150 rupees ($ 2.7), the second phase – 250 rupees ($ 4.6).
Cableway Sternensauser (Switzerland): the worst
The most unusual road works at the Swiss resort of Hoch-Ibrig. In order to ride on it, do not sit in a booth and hold the camera at the ready – must wear a helmet and wearing seatbelts. The fact is that the cable car passengers Sternensauser move under the weight of its own body. Cableway is a cable stretched across multiple platforms at a height of 75 m above the ground. By the way, is the longest Sternensauser cable expensive of its kind in the world.
Beginning of the route is near the upper station of the chairlift and leads down to the station, located in the valley. During the movement of passengers can reach speeds of 70 to 90 km / h, so that a feeling of free flight. They say that adrenaline rush during the descent of Sternensauser not less than skydiving.
The only downside is the cable car that ride on it only in summer. By descent allowed adults and children over the age of nine, growing at least 130 cm Weight Allowed passengers – from 30 to 125 kg.
Fare: 70 Swiss francs.
The cable car to Sentosa Island (Singapore): the glass
25 km south of Singapore is an island of Sentosa, and say that the future state is located here began with a small fishing village. Sentosa today – it’s insular Asian Disneyland tourist attraction and a favorite vacation spot Singaporeans themselves. There is an amusement park, aquarium, as well as three kilometers of white beaches.
You can get to Sentosa by public transport and even on foot, but most visitors opt Strait stretched over the cable car. On the construction of the Singapore government thinking in 1968, and four years later she was running. Initially, the cable car, there were 43 booths. Today, their number reached 81, and became the first local cableway in the world, where they began to walk the cabin, entirely made ??of glass.
But this was not enough Singaporeans. To harness the road leading to the island of Sentosa, they have a definition of “first jewelry” in 2010, launched seven VIP-cabins, glass roof and sides are decorated with crystals Swarovski. Is it any wonder that the cable car – one of the most expensive ways to get to Sentosa.
Fare: 26 Singapore dollars ($ 18.6) in both directions.
Tatev ropeway (Armenia): The longest
October 16, 2010 in Armenia was launched cableway, dubbed “Wings of Tatev.” And just seven days, it brought in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest.
The first cable car passengers, stretching for 5.7 km above the gorge of the river Vorotan became the President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan and Catholicos of All Armenians Karekin II, and one child in the next seven villages.
Construction of the monorail was designed in 2009 as one of the phases of the program “Tatev Revival” – the medieval monastery of the IX century. In 1390 it was established by the University, where he taught both theological and secular subjects. In 1931 the monastery was badly damaged by the earthquake, and restoration work has not yet completed
While there was no lift to get to the Tatev was possible only on the leading along the cliff at an angle of 45 ° steep serpentine road, which in winter also often blurred. But now tourists and locals can visit Tatev year-round. Booths are moving at a speed of 37 km / h and overcome the distance to the monastery in just 11 minutes 25 seconds.
The fare for local residents – free of charge for tourists – € 6.
Cableway Miskhor – Ai-Petri (Crimea): the longest unsupported span
Translated from the Turkish word “Yayla” means the plateau. In the past, shepherds grazed their cattle here, and in more ancient times yaylam attached magical significance, and installed them on the stone idols. Today the word “Yayla” in Russian language most often used in the Crimea, where one of the most famous is the Ai-Petri Yayla. You can reach it by cable car Miskhor – Ai-Petri, the time at which the lift – and it lasts about 15 minutes – enough time to enjoy the picturesque tourist panorama of the Southeastern coast of the Crimea – Sudak to Foros on.
Construction of the monorail was spread over 20 years. Start it was given in 1987, and for public visits it was discovered a year later. Today in Ukraine there are about a dozen cableways, and most of them are exactly the Crimea.
But lift Miskhor – Ai-Petri is unique. Between its middle and upper stretches stations entered in the Guinness Book longest unsupported span in Europe: two miles there are no intermediate towers.
Fare: 120 hryvnia ($ 15) in both directions.
Grenoble tramway (France): The world’s first city
Henri Marie Beyle writer, better known by his pen name Stendhal, writing about his hometown of Grenoble, and that each street ends in a mountain. On the slope of one of them is located and the most famous local landmark – the Bastille.
At the beginning of the XX century the authorities of Grenoble thinking about how to facilitate access to the Bastille, and with it the capital of the French Alps provide a tourist highlight. Thus was born the idea of ??building a cable car that forever changed the face of Grenoble.
September 29, 1934 loud beep informed the residents about starting a monorail, which has become the world’s first urban cable car. Very quickly, like the Eiffel Tower in Paris, she became a symbol of Grenoble, which remains to this day.
The first passenger cabins were quite traditional: the big “cars”, which could hold up to 21 passengers. But in 1976 they were replaced by an engineer Denny Kresselem small six-ball-shaped Plexiglas cubicles that very soon dubbed the bubbles and cosmic eggs.
Fare: € 6,80 in both directions.
Ropeway Masada (Israel): the historical
Masada – the ancient fortress built in the hills of the Judean Desert on the orders of Herod the Great in 25 BC. Oe. Here, surrounded by towering cliffs, the king created a safe haven for themselves, which were arranged in the palaces, the synagogue, bathhouse, storage and provision of weapons and even water-supply system.
In ’73 Mr.. Oe. Masada was taken by the Romans who used it as one of its strong points, but after the fall of the Roman Empire of the fortress forgotten until 1862, when archeologists stumbled on its ruins.
Masada has always attracted tourists, but only after 1971, when it was built cable car, turned into one of the most visited historic sites in Israel. Prior to this rise to the top of the rock can be only so-called serpentine path, which in ancient times used the rebels, and in our days – the archaeologists.
Cableway leading to the summit plateau, is considered the lowest in the world: its lower station is located at an altitude of 257 m above sea level, and the top – only 33 meters above. The distance to the cabin top – their runs on only two cable car – to overcome a few minutes, gradually revealing more and more spectacular views of the surrounding desert and the Dead Sea.
Fees: 72 NIS ($ 19) in both directions.
Prague lift: the oldest
Exactly 120 years ago, was launched the most famous Prague cableway leading to the hill of Petrin.
It all started with the fact that in 1889 the Club of Czech tourists traveled to Paris and was struck by the Eiffel Tower. On the hill Petrin built it up, and then decided to spend her cable car, which was built in less than a year. Cableway – no suspension, and the wagon on the track, driven by the movement rope – easily lifted to a height of 102 m of 50 passengers at a time, with ropes rotated the waterwheel.
In 1916 Pet?ín lift ceased its operation due to World War I – on a long 16 years. Only in 1932 it started again, changing the water-wheel motors on and extending the current to 511 m. In the second lift halted in 1965, when the landslide destroyed part of the rail track. Prague residents had to wait another 20 years before the famous cable car again was able to deliver them to the top of the hill Petrin. But since it is included in the urban public transport system and stops only at the time of planned inspections.
Cost recovery: 24 Czech crowns ($ 1.2).
Cableway Complexo do Alemao (Brazil): the cheapest
Favelas of Rio de Janeiro has long been notorious as the most criminogenic neighborhoods Brazilian capital, dangerous not only for tourists but for local residents. A move is the easiest way on foot, because people here in the hills and narrow streets of the public transport hardly walk.
Therefore, the authorities decided to Rio over the six suburbs of the capital of the Brazilian cable car, which started work in July 2011. Construction took a year and a half, and a cost of 210 million reais.
Cableway stretches over 3456 m in the favelas and has become the city’s longest cable car in the world. Ply on her 152 cabin capable of carrying up to 3000 people per hour.
Local residents are entitled to two free tickets per day for travel to the Complexo do Alemao, while those who exceed this limit will have to pay for a trip to a Brazilian real – as much as paying tourists.